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SYRACUSE, WORLD HERITAGE SITE UNESCO SINCE 2005,

Is a historic city in Sicily, the capital of the province of Syracuse. The city is notable for its rich Greek history, culture, amphitheatres, architecture, and as the birthplace of the preeminent mathematician and engineer Archimedes. This 2,700-year-old city played a key role in ancient times, when it was one of the major powers of the Mediterranean world. Syracuse is located in the southeast corner of the island of Sicily, next to the Gulf of Syracuse beside the Ionian Sea.

The city was founded by Ancient Greek Corinthians and Teneans and became a very powerful city-state. Syracuse was allied with Sparta and Corinth and exerted influence over the entirety of Magna Graecia, of which it was the most important city. Described by Cicero as “the greatest Greek city and the most beautiful of them all”,[5] it equaled Athens in size during the fifth century BC. It later became part of the Roman Republic and Byzantine Empire. After this Palermo overtook it in importance, as the capital of the Kingdom of Sicily. Eventually the kingdom would be united with the Kingdom of Naples to form the Two Sicilies until the Italian unification of 1860.

In the modern day, the city is listed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site along with the Necropolis of Pantalica. In the central area, the city itself has a population of around 125,000 people. The inhabitants are known as Siracusans. Syracuse is mentioned in the Bible in the Acts of the Apostles book at 28:12 as Paul stayed there.The patron saint of the city is Saint Lucy; she was born in Syracuse and her feast day, Saint Lucy’s Day, is celebrated on 13 December.

 

   

THE GREEK THEATRE OF SYRACUSE

The Greek theatre of Syracuse lies on the south slopes of the Temenite hill, overlooking the modern city of Syracuse in southeastern Sicily. It was first built in the 5th century BC, rebuilt in the 3rd century BC and renovated again in the Roman period. Today, it is a part of the Unesco World Heritage Site of “Syracuse and the Rocky Necropolis of Pantalica”.

In the same Site there are many other important Archeological ruins belongs to Greek and Romans influences.

 

Noto 

is a city and comune in the Province of Syracuse, Sicily, Italy. It is 32 kilometres (20 mi) southwest of the city of Syracuse at the foot of the Iblean Mountains. It lends its name to the surrounding area Val di Noto. In 2002 Noto and its church were declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It is the World Capital of Barocco’s Style Monuments

 

The Beaches

 

Syracuse and its beaches offers a blue chrystal water on the sandy beaches sites in south of the city and beautiful rocks coast where is an amazing environment and swim is a real pleasure.

 

At 10 minutes drive south from Syracuse you will reach Arenella’s beach, There is a small space for free entrance people and a furnished “Lido” where You can rent a Umbrella and beach chairs for relaxing, drink and food is served upon request.

At about 18 km south from Syracuse there is the beautiful white sandy beach ofFontane Bianche with different furnished Lidos and palms like caribbean beaches.

Now immerge yourself at Eloro’s Beach which belongs to the Natural reserve ofVendicari Chrystal Water and if You like can undress totally and enjoy totally undisturbed the nature (NUDISM ALLOWED). 

 

Mount Etna

 

Is an active stratovolcano on the east coast of Sicily, Italy, in the Metropolitan City of Catania, between the cities of Messina and Catania. It lies above the convergent plate margin between the African Plate and the Eurasian Plate. It is the tallest active volcano in Europe, currently 3,329 m (10,922 ft) high, though this varies with summit eruptions. It is the highest peak in Italy south of the Alps. Etna covers an area of 1,190 km2 (459 sq mi) with a basal circumference of 140 km. This makes it by far the largest of the three active volcanoes in Italy, being about two and a half times the height of the next largest, Mount Vesuvius. Only Mount Teide in Tenerife (owned by Spain) surpasses it in the whole of the European–North-African region. In Greek Mythology, the deadly monster Typhon was trapped under this mountain by Zeus, the god of the sky and thunder and king of gods, and the forges of Hephaestus were said to also be located underneath it.

Mount Etna is one of the most active volcanoes in the world and is in an almost constant state of activity. The fertile volcanic soils support extensive agriculture, with vineyards and orchards spread across the lower slopes of the mountain and the broad Plain of Catania to the south. Due to its history of recent activity and nearby population, Mount Etna has been designated a Decade Volcano by the United Nations. In June 2013, it was added to the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites.

 

Shopping in Ortigia

Corso Matteotti, is the most actractive street concerning the shops where the most important fashion firms stands, very close also You find another street called “Via Cavour” plenti of restaurants and shops where everyone can be satisfied due to the variety of shops and restaurantes available.